This can affect anyone at any given age, but it takes a tool mostly in adolescents because as they try to develop friendships and fit in, they end up falling prey to social pressure. To seek social acceptance they end up imitating behaviors of the same social group, i.e wearing the same clothes as their friends, listening to the same music, and watching the same tv shows. If you have found yourself doing things that you actually didn’t want to do, or even engaged in risky behavior just for the sheer pressure and expectations of your social circle, then you have experienced the dreaded peer pressure. If you continue to have concerns regarding your child and peer pressure, reach out to teachers, school administration or a mental health professional for additional support.

Firstly, the direct effect of Teachers’ autonomy-supportive behavior both on Students’ Emotional Health and on Students’ Engagement was positive but not significant. The indirect effects that reached statistical significance were those through Teachers’ Harmony (No. 1), and the combination of Teachers’ Harmony and Students’ Peer Support (No. 3), both on Students’ Emotional Health and Engagement. At the same time, potential influence of Teachers’ psychological Harmony, not only on their own wellbeing, but also on students’ outcomes, agreed with previous findings and suggestions (Tharp et al., 2018; Uwayid and Jabbar, 2023). In this vein, some professional development initiatives are proposed for increasing Teachers’ harmony that could, in turn, have an impact on learners’ (Hadar and Brody, 2010; Baumfield et al., 2023; Wang and Zou, 2023). In the context of Chinese ELLs, these constructs gain added significance due to several challenges faced by these learners. Firstly, language barriers can lead to feelings of frustration, anxiety, and social isolation, impacting emotional health.

Positive Peer Pressure

It’s important to consider the quality of your friendships and their impact on your sobriety journey. After you have removed yourself from the situation, focus on surrounding yourself with positive and uplifting friends and get involved in lots of healthy activities. If you feel uncomfortable with what your peers are doing, formulate a plan or an excuse to exit the situation. To test Hypothesis 3, three indirect effects were considered in predicting Students’ Emotional Health. Firstly, one of them (Indirect effect No. 2) was not significant, as shown in Table 2.

which of the following is a type of indirect peer pressure?

This could involve the implementation of professional development programs specifically designed to equip teachers with skills in autonomy-supportive teaching practices. Such training would ideally focus on strategies that enable teachers to provide more choices to students, acknowledge their feelings, and encourage self-initiative and independent thinking (Tharp et al., 2018). In this vein, teachers’ professional which of the following is a type of indirect peer pressure? development through learning community initiatives could help them in reducing professional burnout (Chu and Gong, 2023) by increasing psychological harmony (Hadar and Brody, 2010). Additionally, the creation of forums or workshops where teachers can exchange best practices and learn from one another could further foster an environment of autonomy and support in the classroom (Zhang and Zhou, 2008).

Children and Adolescents

By seeing someone else do something positive, even if it’s challenging, you may reflect on your own life choices, goals, and where you spend your time. We hear much more about direct peer pressure, as it is easier to detect and recognize as problematic. It sounds like someone telling you to stop worrying, start having fun, and be part of the group by participating in something you don’t feel comfortable with. It may also be a threat, such as, “You can’t hang out with us if you’re not going to drink.”

which of the following is a type of indirect peer pressure?

Since others are wearing something or doing something, he/she should follow suit to fit into the group. No one necessarily asks someone to do anything, but it’s an unspoken pressure that he/she feels. Peer pressure interacts with many other factors, including family pressure and support, to affect the overall likelihood of alcohol and drug use. Research shows that people with certain personality traits may also be more vulnerable to peer pressure and that peer pressure affects adults, as well as children and adolescents. With indirect pressure, adolescents are exposed to the actions of one or more peers and can choose which one to follow.